Gas compressors are mechanized devices that increase the pressure of gases. This is done by a technology of reducing the volume of that gas. This is done generally to increase the amount of gas stored in a certain air tank or reserve. Mechanisms involved in gas compressors are also able to transport the compressed air through pipes from one place to another.
Air compressors are a sub-group under gas compressors. They are different in that their function is to compress gas that can be consumed by humans safely. This is extremely useful for a number of purposes, including sports safety, firefighting, and medical purposes, amongst other reasons. Being so versatile, the function of breathing air compressors are not limited to personal use, but also in large scale industrial settings. Breathing air compressors can be found in many various industrial settings such as emergency vehicles and fire fighting stations.
Generally, a breathing air compressor can be understood by observing and understanding the mechanisms of a scuba diving air compressor. It works by providing breathing air to the diver directly via ducts and tubes from the tank where the compressed gas is stored. Not only is a good air compressor supposed to be a space saving device, but also a supplier of good quality breathable air void of any potentially harmful substances to the human. During the process of compressing, there are various parts and components and substances at work within the air compressor. For instance, oil is present mainly to lubricate the internal parts. However, in some instance, it can get into the air circulation and cause contamination. If not properly removed from the circulating compressed air, it may cause some serious problems within the lungs.
Likewise, carbon monoxide is another potentially dangerous contaminant. It is a product of exhaust gas mechanisms which work via internal combustion technology. A result is some gases such as carbon monoxide. The effects and dangers of carbon monoxide can be extremely dangerous to the human body, more so than oil residue in the compressed air. If not removed properly and in entirety, it can accumulate into the circulating breathing air compressor and be consumed by humans. This gas, in the smallest doses, is harmful to human health. It binds to red blood cells due to its structure disguised as carbon dioxide. Once attached to red blood cells, it rids the cell’s ability to receive carbon dioxide and the cells’ oxygen reserve is slowly depleted, causing it to die.
For this reason, most air compressors include a filtering mechanism that allows the removal of water, oil, and carbon monoxide. This is done through the use of various chemicals. For instance, to remove oil, a molecular sieve or carbon may be used. To remove water, a molecular sieve or alumina may be used. Which type of mechanism used to remove harmful substances depends on the type or brand of the particular air compressor. Regular check ups of filter mechanisms should also be conducted to ensure the most efficiency and effectiveness in ridding of harmful materials from air compressors.